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Known under the name of " Pasionaria " it was born in Gallarta, village mining near to Bilbao, December 9, 1895. Of at the same time Basque ascent and castillane, Dolores Ibarruri Gomez was 8th of a family of 13 children. Her father was a coalminor. Its family had a miserable life. She however had the chance, exceptional in such a medium, to attend the primary school but could not carry out its dream to become teacher. She started a training of dressmaker, then was good to do everything and to Maria at 20 years with a minor asturien, Julian Ruiz; they had six children of which triplets.