Effects of the application of the techniques
There are 3 principal, and especially a release of the capacity of
If you can listen and to observe, if in maintenance you use the techniques of reformulation-reflection and reformulation-clarification, whatever the problem of the subject you go can be to be brought to formulate a council and a
1) the use of knowledge that the person has situation. The subject, being the only one to test all dimensions and all resonances of the situation, it is being the single subject to question on this problem which is it his. It is the subject concerned, it is what the administrative documents call: "the interested party". It is thus not only significant but essential that the subject concerned is brought to expose what the situation is for him.
2) the bursting of the feeling of loneliness. Insofar as the subject is alone to test all dimensions of the situation in which it is, it has necessarily and inevitably the feeling of loneliness. This feeling of loneliness is a worsening factor of the situation, at the same time as it is one of the factors constitutive of mental rumination.
3) release of the capacity of the reflexion. We saw above the difference between reflexion and rumination. The interview technique by the very fact that it utilizes another opposite the subject concerned, causes the stop of rumination and tends to release the reflexive capacity itself. By maintenance and in maintenance, the situation is specified at the same time for the subject and the speaker. We saw that the subject which saw its problem or its situation, i.e. which tests it affectivement personal and irreplaceable manner, is not therefore able to take compared to this situation the retreat necessary to
The perception which it has of the situation is not at the reflected level, but is by definition at the lived
level, which it can highly be lived and intensely tested while remaining obscure and difficult to formulate.
It is besides because it is lived in a sharp way at the same time as difficult to formulate clearly, than the subject, isolated, is often carried to the mental rumination of its problem, rather than with the objective reflexion.
At the beginning, consequently, the situation is not very clear as well for the subject as for the speaker (who by assumption does not know it or does not
understand it yet).
It is in maintenance itself that the reflexion of the subject, thanks to the reflection that will make him the speaker of it, will arrive to an objective formulation, and at the same time the person will have made personal progress insofar as its
confused emotional perception can pass to the considered and clear
Reformulation, from this point of view, is a true education (or rehabilitation) of the reflexive capacity of the conscience, with all its later
What can surprise, it is that if the method is used correctly, the council or the diagnosis is formulated
at the same time by the subject and the speaker.
This is the reflection of the full
agreement which the application of this technique generates, because the effort of clarification and elucidation determine the desirable progress of the person in her conscience of the situation or of the problem and at the same time it informs also the speaker on the true direction of the situation or the
It is quiet sciences, the social sciences belong to this category, psychology, contrary to strongly mediatized medicine, is one of them. The discoveries of Carl Gustav JUNG on the structure of the personality, work of Carl Rogers on the maintenance of face to face in the relation of assistance, those of Bruno Bettelheim on education, those of Hubert Montagner on the attachment, even the discoveries of Konrad Lorenz in ethology remained a long time in the half-light.
Why ? Il
them ? Who uses them ?
Certainly not general public which one directs towards another
In the recent history of humanity, if mankind had devoted as much money to research in social sciences, i.e. with its happiness it should it well be said, that with the development of the arsenal of war, i.e. with its possible destruction; perhaps we in an appreciably different world would live…
" The word today belongs to what did not speak yet."
Gide ( Newspaper ).